What is Macular Degeneration?
The macula is an oval-shaped yellowish spot located in the center of the retina of the eye. At the center of the macula there is a part called the fovea that is packed with cones, cells that require high levels of light in order to function. It means; when someone looks at an object, the lights coming from that object focus on the macula and a detailed, clear and colorful view occurs.
At macular degeneration patients face a loss of vision in the center of the visual field (macula). So the patients lose the detailed view and sometimes it is difficult or impossible to read or recognize faces, although peripheral vision remains to allow other activities of daily life.
Macular degeneration usually affects older adults, but sometimes younger people are also affected.